• Sep 25, 2023

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G

by Flexadia 1 year ago in Internet
Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G

Image Source: gsma.com

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G – The internet is a global communication network technology that is interconnected with each other into a single network. This means that with Internet technology, it is easier for users to communicate and access an unlimited variety of information around the world in real-time. Seeing the functions and benefits it provides, it is not surprising that the Internet has now become one of the basic needs of mankind.

Call it the biggest companies such as Google, Facebook, Amazon, Alibaba, YouTube, Shopee, and so on have been in the realm of the internet. Talking about the internet, one form of internet development that is being discussed by many people is none other than the 5G network. What is 5G? How to work? What are the advantages of the 5G network? To find out, see the full explanation below.

What Is 5G?

The meaning of 5G in telecommunications is the fifth generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks. 5G is said to be the successor to the 4G network which currently provides connectivity to most mobile phones. This 5G technology has been supported in several of the latest mobile operating systems today, namely the Samsung Galaxy S21, Oppo Reno5, Xiaomi Mi 10T Huawei Mate 40 Pro, and many more.

There are several advantages to using a 5G network. Among these are 5G has more bandwidth than previous networks, has lower latency, and provides higher download speeds. With the advantages offered, users are able to watch videos without buffering, and download movies in just seconds, and even 5G is said to support Augmented Reality technology.

However, 5G technology is not only limited to that, it can also be a software-defined platform. In other words, network functionality is managed via software rather than hardware. This technology also enhances digital experiences through automation that supports machine learning, and responses in fractions of a second such as Self Driving in Cars to Artificial Intelligence.

Also Read: What Is Malware? How to Prevent Malware Attacks

How 5G Works

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G

Image Source: androidauthority.com

When it comes to 5G, of course, many people are curious about how this 5G network works. Just like cellular networks in general, 5G transmits data via radio waves. These waves will be divided into several different frequencies and each type of frequency has a different type of communication as well. For example, such as maritime navigation signals, and television broadcasts to mobile data.

5G networks use OFDM ( Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing ) encoding, which is similar to the encoding used on previous networks (4G LTE). However, 5G technology is designed for much lower latency and greater flexibility than LTE.

5G development

Despite the sophistication of today’s 5G technology, of course, there is a long history of previous network developments. Starting from 1G, 2G, 3G, to 4G LTE networks. However, unconsciously from each generation this development has changed and improved the way we communicate with each other. For a more detailed explanation, see the following.

First Generation (1G)

This network was launched by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone in 1971, where 1G was first introduced to Tokyo residents. However, at that time 1G did not have security, because there was no script. Even the download speed only reaches around 2.4kbps.

Second Generation (2G)

Then in Finland in 1991, 2G network was launched on a global system for cellular communication called GSM. In this generation, 2G provides several improvements to the sound quality and also download speeds of around 0.2mbps. The 2G network also made it possible to transfer data from one mobile phone to another, introducing SMS and MMS as new forms of communication at the time.

Third Generation (3G)

The 3G network was made public in Japan in 2001 by NTT Docomo. Compared to before, 3G is able to transfer data 4 times greater which reaches an average of 2mbps. In this case, the 3G network can be used to stream video, and video conferencing to make video calls such as Skype. At the same time, Email has become a standard form of communication via mobile devices.

Also Read: What is Phishing? Types and How to Prevent Phishing!

Fourth Generation (4G)

In late 2009 in Norway, 4G was first introduced. Where the 4G network supports a minimum data transfer speed of 12.5 Mbps, so it can be used for high-quality video streaming, fast web browser access, and online gaming. However, this network can only be used by mobile devices designed specifically for 4G.

Fifth Generation (5G)

In March 2019, South Korea was the first country to offer a 5G network. This network can be regarded as a form of embodiment and improvement of the previous generation. In fact, many people think that the 5G network is 20 times faster than the 4G LTE network. The significant difference between 5G and 4G lies in the latency and bandwidth size.

5G is said to have the lowest latency of up to 1 millisecond, thus increasing download and upload speeds even faster. To prove this fact, if you have a smartphone that supports 5G, please check your internet speed at SpeedCheck. That way, you will realize some of the advantages of the 5G network. The bandwidth size of 5G itself reaches between 30GHz and 300GHz, which supports more technologies and more devices.

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G

Image Source: ericsson.com

In addition to offering a variety of advantages, 5G also has weaknesses that most people may almost ignore. To find out, you can refer to the following points.

Advantages of 5G

  • More bandwidth – One of the advantages of this 5G network is the increased bandwidth. That way, users can do more with their devices and are multifunctional than ever before without feeling like they’re competing for them.
  • Super internet speed – If you use a 5G connection, it will be served with high internet speed. Good for downloading large files in seconds or watching videos without buffering.
  • Lower latency levels – 5G networks have lower latency than 4G LTE. Whereas when transmitting data, it only takes less than 5 milliseconds and even up to 1 millisecond. In this case, the 5G network can be leveraged to control devices remotely in almost real-time.

Disadvantages of 5G

  • On-device battery health – Before you use a 5G network, make sure your smartphone has strong battery life. Because running 5G will drain the battery very large.
  • Not yet supported on many smartphones – Given that 5G is a network that was only launched a few years ago, it is not surprising that there are still few smartphones that support the 5G architecture.
  • Lack of coverage – Apart from only a few that support 5G technology, the facts also show that 5G coverage is limited to certain areas in big cities.
  • Upload speed doesn’t match download speed – There’s no doubt about the download speed on this 5G network, but that doesn’t mean upload speeds are the same. At the beginning of the launch, many said the upload speed was better, but the fact is that the speed is rarely more than 100 Mbps.


The 5G network is a form of today’s telecommunications technology, where users will be provided with various benefits. For example, such as very high internet speeds, and low latency levels offer greater bandwidth. Seeing this statement, the application of 5G can be utilized to improve digital experiences through device automation.

Is 5G better than WiFi?

It could be, actually 5G with WiFi is currently competing with each other to offer the best connection. So which is better between 5G and WiFi is up to your own choice.

What is the difference between 4G and 5G?

The obvious difference is that 5G is 100 times faster than 4G and 5G has lower latency than 4G networks.

How to use a 5G network?

The only way is to buy a new smartphone that supports 5G if you want to use the network.

That’s a short review that I can give about what 5G is and how it works, its development, and its advantages. Share articles on your social media to make them more useful. If you have questions or opinions regarding the reviews above, please write them in the comments column below. Thank you and good luck!